Ingrown toenails occur when a portion of the nail grows into the side on the surrounding skin. They can become red, swollen and sometimes infected if bacteria enters the ingrown site. When infected usually pus or exudate (fluid) will be present.
Ingrown toenails can be genetic so some individuals will already be predisposed to them. Other causes include poor footwear (shoes that are too tight or too big) and cutting the nails incorrectly.
Treatment of an ingrown toenail will include cutting back the nail as required and removing any 'nail spike' that may be penetrating the tissue. Several of these treatments may be needed. Advice will also be given on how to manage and cut nails with the right technique.
In some cases ingrown toenails can be very persistent. At Fooflex podiatry we offer a nail surgery procedure, which includes removing a wedge from the problematic nail under a local anesthetic. This is normally a permanent prevention method for ingrown toenails.